Shandong Province, the home of Confucius and Mencius, contains 25 national cultural counties, three state-level cultural centers for rural children, 23 national-level townships of folk art, and 27 provincial-level townships of folk art.
It is the 19th-largest province in China with 17 districts and 139 counties.The capital is Jinan. Shandong Province makes up 1.6% of Chinese territory. The total land area is 156,700 square kilometers (about 60,500 square miles). Shandong has “golden coasts” of more than 3000 kilometers (about 1,865 miles), accounting for one-sixth of the entire coastline of China. Plains and basins make up 63% of the total provincial area, mountains and hills make up 34%, and rivers and lakes make up 3%.The highest point is Mount Tai, which is 1,545 meters (about 5,070 feet) above sea level. The lowest point is the Yellow River Delta in the northeast, which is 2 to 10 meters (about 6 to 33 feet) above sea level. The annual average temperature ranges from 11 to 14 degrees Celsius (about 52 to 57 Fahrenheit).
With a total population of 90.41 million, Shandong Province is the second most populous province in China. The Shandong Province contains 54 ethnic groups, including the Han, Manchu, Zhuang, Korean, Miao, Tibetan, Yi, Yao, and Bai. The Han makes up 99.32% of the population.
In 2001, urban residents had an average income of ¥7,101.10 yuan (about $946.50 US dollars), an increase of 9.4 percent over the previous year. Shandong is a producer of grains, cotton, and oil, as well as fruits and aquatic products.